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The NEW HSK 1 List of 300 Chinese Characters (2024)

The NEW HSK standards will take effect on July 1, 2021, expanding from the previous 6 levels to 9 levels. Each level consists of a fixed number of 300 new characters. In this post, you will find a list of the first 300 Chinese characters in the NEW HSK 1, along with their pinyin and English translations. If you’re looking to practice Chinese characters systematically and effectively by incorporating them into words and phrases, then you won’t want to miss the Chinese Characters for Beginners workbooks available on Amazon.

CharacterPinyinMeaning
one
èrtwo
sānthree
rénperson
big
tàitoo
measure word
tiānsky; day
no
lemultiple functions
zi / zǐmultiple meanings
bēimeasure word for drinks
huàibad; broken
xiǎosmall
zhōngmiddle; in; center
wénlanguage; text
kǒumouth
day; sun
yuèmonth; moon
báiwhite
bǎihundred
jīncurrent; present
míngclear; next; understand
zuóyesterday
zuòdo; work
gōngworker; industrial; work
péngfriend; in a group
yǒufriend; friendly
female
érchild
four
shēngbirth; life
xiānfirst
to wash
nánmale
five
liùsix
seven
eight
jiǔnine
shíten
niányear
bànhalf
how many
suìyear (age)
duōmany; much
shǎofew; less
dòngto move; act
biānside
shàngon top; up; previous
xiàbelow; down; next
zuǒleft
yòuright
běinorth
jīngcapital
nánsouth
dōngeast
西west
in; inside
wàiexternal; outside
qiánfront
hòuback
zhèthis
that
which; where
zǎomorning; early
hǎogood
noon
wǎnnight; evening
méndoor
menplural marker for pronouns
you
nínyou (formal/polite)
she; her
he; him
I; me
饿èhungry
deof; ‘s (possessive)
and
jiàocall
shénwhat
meinterrogative particle
míngname; fame
character; word
xuélearn; study
go
fàngput; release
practice; study
háichild
hànHan ethnicity (the majority ethnic group in China)
xiěwrite
language
tóngsame
wǎngnet
huíreturn; reply
guócountry
jiāhome; family
zàiin; at
shìbe; yes
xīngstar
a period of time
cóngfrom
dàoto; until; arrive
liǎngtwo
huìcan; will; a little while
shuōspeak; say
horse
mainterrogative particle
also; too
dì /devarious meanings depending on the context
fāngregion; square
fánghouse; room
diagram; drawing
diǎno’clock
fēnminute
shítime; hour
jiānbetween; space
yǒuhave; there is/are
méinot; no; without
hòutime; season
hái/huánstill; also; (huán) return
gěigive
shūbook
běnmeasure word for books
diànstore
fànmeal
rice
chīeat
láicome
baending particle
biédo not (imperative); other
drink
thirsty
shuǐwater
guǒfruit
class; subject
jiànsee
zàiagain
kànlook; read
bāobag; wrap
miànflour; noodle; face
tiáothin and long object
xiànpresent; current
zhèngjust (at that time)
zuòdo
pǎorun
gēnwith; follow
zǒuwalk
road; way
guòvarious meanings depending on the context
time (frequency)
shānmountain
chūgo out
xínggood; OK
gān / gàndo; work; dry
nefinal particle
jìngclean
chuángbed
lift; from
duìcorrect
shùtree
zhuōtable
kāiopen; begin
guānclose
connection; link
sònggive away; carry
chēvehicle
huǒfire
air; anger
steam; gas
zhànstand up; stop
piàoticket
yàoto do (something); want
mǎibuy
màisell
read
yuányuan (the official currency in China)
wánplay; have fun
xiàolaugh
yuǎnfar
jìnnear
máoten cents; hair
qiánmoney
kuàipiece (a colloquial way of saying yuan)
kuàiquickly; soon
de / déobtain; structural particle indicating capability or extent
hěnvery
jué / jiàofeel; sleep
mànslow
compare; more…than
guìexpensive
fēifly
machine; engine
shǒuhand
take; get
chǎngfield; a wide space
shāngcommerce; business
diànelectricity
huàword; speech; language
hàonumber
fight; dial
zhǎolook for
ordinal (it is placed before a number to form the ordinal number)
page
little brother
father
paternal grandfather
older brother
song
tīnghear
chàngsing
niúcow
nǎimilk; grandmother
mother
jiěolder sister
mèilittle sister
fēngwind
rain
língzero
lěngcold
hot
kǎoexamine; verify
shìtry
chàbad
clothes
clothes; convince
穿chuāncarry; put on; cross
xiēsuffix indicating plural
lǎoold; experienced
shīteacher; professor
xīnnew
xiàoschool; educational institution
yuànname of certain government agencies and public establishments
guǎna place for cultural or sports activities
yàngform; appearance
pángother; side; close
yǐngimage; shadow
shìsee; vision
nǎobrain
lóubuilding
jiào/jiāoteach
wènask
reply
děngwait; etc.
yònguse; need
ròumeat of any animal
chicken
dànegg
càivegetable; dish
chátea
huāflower
shēnbody
body; physique
xiūrest; stop
breathe; stop
cure; medicine
gàosay; inform; accuse
tell; narrate; say
bìngillness; sick
bānclass; work shift
mángbusy; favor
fēino
chángnormal; common; frequent
bānghelp
néngcan; able to
xièthank
client; guest; passenger
zhùlive
remember; to note
wàngforget
zěnhow; what; why
xiǎngthink; miss; want
rènrecognize; admit
shíknow; knowledge
zhēntrue; real
zhīknow
dàosay; path
zhesuffix indicating an action that is in progress or ongoing
zuòsit
qǐngplease
jìnenter
jiàvacation; holiday
jiùvarious functions depending on the context
zhǔnallow; approve
bèiprepare
shuí / shéiwho
lèitired
qiúball; globe
gāotall
xìngemotion; interest
dōuall
like; happy
huānhappy; cheerful
nándifficult
cuòwrong; incorrect
shìthing; matter
zhòngheavy; important
shuìsleep
zuìmost (superlative)
àilove

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